Lozano Soler, Josep M.
What emerges when a market emerges? Corporate Governance Emerald Vol. Does giving emphasis to the term emerging markets not represent a form of economic reductionism, neglecting the social context in which a market emerges? In this respect, CSR can be seen as a contribution from the business community, one that does not separate the economic and social dimensions in this emergent process. This paper seeks to address this issue. For this reason, I feel it might be useful to respond to the question what emerges when a market emerges? The latter represents one of the few current attempts to provide a global and integrated view, incorporating specific guiding values and criteria for action.
This paper is thus divided into three parts entitled: a In times of globalisation and crisis: Integral human development as a criterion; b The CSR challenge: The company, sustainability and the common good; and c The continuing challenge of Business in Society. We should consider criteria such as: integral human development; the common good; inter-generational justice; the cultural context; ethics integrated within the economy and moral responsibility.
All of these are fundamental. This paper questions the message, which is sometimes. This case study seeks to present the CSR activity of a mining company in the DR of the Congo, and the conflict between the company and its local stakeholders. The company promotes and enlightened CSR.
Tobey and B. The human rights of artisanal miners in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: The responsibility of mining companies. CSR is an incipient discipline. Each group responds to one main aspect or dimension of social reality according to T. Parsons: economics, politics, social integration and ethics. Political theories stress the power of companies in society, and their correlative responsibility in the political arena; they try to articulate the presence of firms in relation with the other political actors.
Integrative approaches study the relationships between companies and social demands, crucial for the survival and growth of business itself; these theories try to formulate how a company can be legitimized by the different stakeholders. This division, however, does not assume that one theory is incompatible with the others. The articles included in this special issue illustrate the four dimensions of CSR.
The instrumental approach is particularly present in the paper by Passent Tantawi and Amr Youssef on corporate social performance in place branding of retail banks; and in the one by Thomas Kimeli Cheruiyot and Loice C. Maru on CSR related to employees in the hospitality sector. CSR political theory is dominant in Rhuks Temitope.
First, the paper designs a framework for a public policy on artisans. Then it incorporates the possible contribution of companies to this policy drawing from the existent CSR literature. This framework is applied to relationships between mining companies and artisans in Katanga, a low-conflict Province of the DRC. Data used in the empirical part are qualitative, and include primary data gathered from visits to different mining companies operating in the Province, and an interview with a local specialist in artisanal miners.
The first finding is that artisanal miners are a heterogeneous group, with multiple HR problems. This paper does not include interviews with mining company managers in Katanga in order to design very specific actions in each one of these CSR strategies.
Our research does not include field work in high-conflict areas. As far as we know, the illustration of this connection for the DRC has not been addressed. Additionally, the design of public policies for artisanal miners -part of the informal economy- and the contribution of companies to such policies can help address problems arising from other informal activities in Africa.
This exploration consists of a comparison between two theoretical approaches Responsible leadership, developed by Maak and Pless; and Work of Translation, developed by B.
These cases are highly valu-. The application of project management methods requires the precise formulation of the project in propositions including the goals, constrains and operations. In contrast, the goal of scientific propositions is sometimes ambiguous. This article disentangles the limitations project management methods when managing research since they are unable neither to face the wide spectrum of projects research organizations deal with which might require different sort of management forms nor to face the tension between creativity and productivity research organizations coexist with.
This work is important to clarify how research is said to be managed and how it is really managed and leaves the possibility to implement a new research management approach. We examine the psychometric properties of the Political Skill Inventory PSI and test the measurement equivalence of the scale in a non-American context. The cross-cultural generalizability of the construct is established through consistent evidence of multigroup invariance in an increasingly stringent series of analyses of mean and covariance structures.
Overall, the study provides systematic evidence that political skill can be treated as a stable construct among diverse cultural groups. Furthermore, our findings demonstrate that translated PSI measures operationalize the construct similarly. With some exceptions, the item loadings and intercepts are invariant for the US and non-US responses, suggesting partial measurement equivalence. After verifying the accuracy of item translation, we conclude that any differences can be explained by variation in the cultural value of uncertainly avoidance and cultural differences on a low-to-high context continuum.
Detected dissimilarities are addressed, and some suggestions regarding the correct use across borders of the instrument by managers and researchers are provided. We also find that individual collaborations between firm and university researchers are particularly useful and that regional spillovers enhance the impact of individual collaborations. Our research thus isolates and highlights the role of individual-level and often informal collaborative activity in enhancing firm innovation.
Various environmental and social forces have triggered interest in both research and practices of responsible leadership. This article outlines the main features of the relevant research, specifies a definition of the concept, and compares this emergent understanding of responsible leadership with related leadership theories. Finally, an overview of different articles in this special issue sketches some pathways for ongoing research alta abstract.
Some have attempted to respond to this environment by using the Japanese approach of kaizen meaning continuous improvement. The purpose of this paper is to ask if the kaizen approach is implemented in a specific environment such as that of small family businesses in Mexico. In this study, qualitative research was conducted using case studies as the research strategy. Two small, family-run Mexican businesses were selected and studied a restaurant and hotel and a retrospective focus was adopted; four methods were used to gather data: direct observation; participative observation; documentary analysis; and semi-structured interviews.
The findings of the three case studies show that the kaizen approach can be applied to small family businesses in Mexico, but that the degree of implementation depends on the evolutionary stage of each family business.
Consequently, for this first exploratory study, it was found that, in the start-up stage, only the First Guiding Principle of kaizen was observed, along with some indications for the Fourth Guiding Principle. Whereas for the expansion stage, the consolidated presence of the Second, Fourth and Fifth Guiding Principle of kaizen was observed. In closing, the exploratory study made it possible to investigate the major enablers and inhibitors that a family business goes through.
Research was based in two case studies. However, rather than seeking empirical generalisation, the research tried to examine and explore how the kaizen approach is applied in a specific environment such as that of a sports organisation dedicated to football in Mexico. The paper aspires to be of interest as much to researchers as to professionals in the family business context, whether they have top management responsibilities or are middle managers, and also to all those employees whose work is related to this sector, with the aim of understanding the management of small family businesses in Mexico from the kaizen perspective.
A review of academic and practitioner literature on the subject indicated that implementation of the kaizen approach in family businesses had scarcely begun to be explored.
It is also significant that in Mexico and Latin America, examples of the implementation of this kind of approach are practically non-existent in academic literature on family businesses. Ringov, Dimo Reproducing knowledge: Inaccurate replication and failure in franchise organizations Winter, S. An enduring belief is that, when expanding by replication, organizations can and should strive to adapt to fit the salient characteristics of new environments. Yet, some have argued that the exploitation of an established template for doing business by replication can be more successful when the template is copied precisely.
Using unique longitudinal data, we report a large-sample empirical investigation of the survival consequences of accurate replication versus local adaptation by examining the effect that deviation from the template has on the survival chances of franchise units within a large franchise organization. In particular, as a theme park, the analysis of its commercial activity focused on aggregated statistical information about groups of customers. By contrast, as a resort, management now needed to know and target individual customers.
This case is situated in mid when the general manager asked the chief financial officer and the director of information systems to find a solution to address the marketing needs of the resort. The case discussion encourages students to identify and assess the business problems and relate them to the existing information management processes and systems.
Students will also have to present a proposal that addresses this one-to-one marketing strategy. We include different supply and demand representations and propose the ExperienceWeighted Attractions method Camerer and Ho, to encompass several behavioural paradigms. We compare the results across assumptions and to standard economic theory predictions. The match is good under flat and upward-slopping supply bidding, and also for plausible demand elasticity assumptions.
Learning is influenced by the number of bids per plant and the initial conditions. The simulations perform best under reinforcement learning, less well under best-response and especially poorly under fictitious play. The overall conclusion is that simulation assumptions are far from innocuous.
We link their performance to underlying features, and identify those that are better suited to model liberalised electricity markets. This article uses hedonic techniques to analyse the market value of the attributes that explain the overall price of a representative sample of second-home rentals. The explanatory variables of this overall price include characteristics such as number of rooms, housing area size, garden size, swimming pool, housing type, distribution channel, municipality, sea views, distance to the beach and seasonality.
This study therefore provides tools to assist the decision making of the main agents involved: stakeholders and policy makers. Salo Mayolas, A. Seasonality in the tourism sector has been a major concern for policy makers, managers and other stakeholders. Many studies have analysed seasonality from the point of view of the number of visitors.
However, as far as we know, there are no studies focusing on seasonality in prices and how to smooth out seasonal patterns. This paper analyses how hotel characteristics affect seasonality in prices using brochure data on 1, hotels in 32 sun-and-beach destinations in 11 countries. The paper finds that after controlling for destination-specific variables which may cause variations in prices through demand shifts such as, for instance, climatic conditions, exchange rates or marketing expenditures , more hotel services and higher star ratings are associated with less seasonal variations in hotel prices.
Santana Mariscal, A. Differences in seasonal price patterns among second home rentals and hotels: Empirical evidence and practical implications Salo Mayolas, A. In terms of seasonality, almost all previous studies have analyzed tourism demand either from the point of view of total arrivals or the number of tourists lodged in a single accommodation type hotels, rural accommodations, etc. However, there are no studies focusing on price seasonality or comparing seasonality among different accommodation types.
By using seasonality indicators and a price index constructed by means of hedonic methods, this paper tries to shed some light on seasonal pricing patterns among second home rentals and hotels. The paper relies on a database of hotels and 1, apartments on the Costa Brava northeast Spain. The results. The article attempts to explore and contrast the different factors that influence the foreign direct investment FDI decisions of multinational banks.