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Buy Derecho urbanístico de Castilla-La Mancha (Spanish Edition): Read Kindle Store Reviews - afcuhidd.tk Derecho urbanístico de Castilla-La Mancha (2.ª edición) (Spanish Edition) eBook : Enrique Sánchez Goyanes, Alfonso Vázquez Oteo, Javier Sanz Lázaro.
Lauren Armstrong My friends are so angry because they don't know how I have all this high quality ebooks. Kirsty Watson It's very easy to get high quality ebooks here, thanks! Nancy Edwards Jenkins I just wanna say one word Lynda Dearing damn.. Of the dozen requests made, only the regional governments of Aragon, Castile and Leon, the Valencian Community and Navarre have responded, and in a similar manner to the European Commission, excusing their inactivity due to the complexity of the issue and referring to a non-existent national plan to be drawn up by the central government.
A third of the reference air pollution monitoring stations measuring the pollutant in Spain have observed values in excess of the target values over the past three-year period. These stations have allowed us to find out that pollution has affected the entire regions of Castile-La Mancha and Madrid, which are the regions most adversely affected due to the traffic emissions from the metropolitan area of Madrid. Over and above harming the health of the six-and-a-half million people living in Madrid, the pollution also seriously affects a further two million people living in Castile-La Mancha and the north of Extremadura.
Apart from the problem created by the urban traffic in Madrid, the other major hub of ozone pollution in Spain is along the Mediterranean coast. Running from Girona in the north to Almeria in the south, passing through Barcelona, Valencia, Murcia and the Balearic Islands, pollution affects almost four million people, especially in inland areas. The pollution is caused by urban and interurban traffic, sea and air transport in the major cities and some industry, such as power stations and incinerators.
The remaining areas affected by high ozone levels are inland Andalusia and the south of Extremadura including the urban areas of Cordoba, Huelva, Jaen, Seville and Merida , the agglomeration of Valladolid and the Ebro valley, running from Tarragona up to Navarre and the Basque Country, in which a further six million people live. Against this backdrop, the currently non-existent plans to improve air quality should include a reduction in the intense urban and interurban traffic which the main Spanish cities are subjected to, by fostering a model of compact cities where the use of clean means of transport such as going by train, bus, bicycle or by foot is promoted.
In , a secret treaty between Napoleon and the unpopular prime minister led to a new declaration of war against Britain and Portugal.
Napoleon's troops entered the country to invade Portugal but instead occupied Spain's major fortresses. The Spanish king abdicated in favour of Napoleon's brother, Joseph Bonaparte.
Joseph Bonaparte was seen as a puppet monarch and was regarded with scorn by the Spanish. The 2 May revolt was one of many nationalist uprisings across the country against the Bonapartist regime. Napoleon was forced to intervene personally, defeating several Spanish armies and forcing a British army to retreat. However, further military action by Spanish armies, guerrillas and Wellington's British-Portuguese forces, combined with Napoleon's disastrous invasion of Russia , led to the ousting of the French imperial armies from Spain in , and the return of King Ferdinand VII.
These events foreshadowed the conflict between conservatives and liberals in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Spain's conquest by France benefited Latin American anti-colonialists who resented the Imperial Spanish government's policies that favoured Spanish-born citizens Peninsulars over those born overseas Criollos and demanded retroversion of the sovereignty to the people.
Starting in Spain's American colonies began a series of revolutions and declared independence, leading to the Spanish American wars of independence that ended Spanish control over its mainland colonies in the Americas. King Ferdinand VII's attempt to re-assert control proved futile as he faced opposition not only in the colonies but also in Spain and army revolts followed, led by liberal officers.
The Napoleonic War left Spain economically ruined, deeply divided and politically unstable. In the s and s Anti-liberal forces known as Carlists fought against liberals in the Carlist Wars.
Liberal forces won, but the conflict between progressive and conservative liberals ended in a weak early constitutional period. After the Glorious Revolution of and the short-lived First Spanish Republic , a more stable monarchic period began characterised by the practice of turnismo the rotation of government control between progressive and conservative liberals within the Spanish government. In the late 19th century nationalist movements arose in the Philippines and Cuba.
The Spanish—American War was fought in the spring of and resulted in Spain losing the last of its once vast colonial empire outside of North Africa. El Desastre the Disaster , as the war became known in Spain, gave added impetus to the Generation of '98 who were conducting an analysis of the country. Although the period around the turn of the century was one of increasing prosperity, the 20th century brought little peace; Spain played a minor part in the scramble for Africa , with the colonisation of Western Sahara , Spanish Morocco and Equatorial Guinea.
The heavy losses suffered during the Rif War in Morocco brought discredit to the government and undermined the monarchy. After a period of authoritarian rule under General Miguel Primo de Rivera — , the king determined to seek a solution to the political situation and establish the Constitution, the king led the municipal elections on 12 April These gave a resounding victory to the Republican-Socialist candidacies in large cities and provincial capitals, while the total number of councillors was mostly monarchical.
The organised demonstrations demanding the establishment of a democratic republic led the king to leave the country and the proclamation of the same on 14 April of that same year.
During the Second Republic there was a great political and social upheaval, marked by a sharp radicalisation of the left and the right. The moderate leaders were boycotted and each party intended to create a Spain to suit them. During the first two years, governed a coalition of republican and socialist parties. In the elections held in the right triumphed and in , the left.
On the other hand, it is also during the Second Republic when important reforms are initiated to modernise the country — democratic constitution, agrarian reform, restructuring of the army, first Statutes of Autonomy Spain was then divided into two zones: one in which the social revolution of was effected and under the authority of the Republican government, and the other controlled by the Nationalist insurgents.
The situation led to a civil war , in which General Francisco Franco was sworn in as the supreme leader of the insurgents. The Spanish Civil War broke out in For three years the Nationalist forces led by General Francisco Franco and supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy fought the Republican side , which was supported by the Soviet Union , Mexico and International Brigades but it was not supported by the Western powers due to the British-led policy of non-intervention.
The civil war was viciously fought and there were many atrocities committed by all sides. The war claimed the lives of over , people and caused the flight of up to a half-million citizens from the country. The state as established under Franco was nominally neutral in the Second World War, although sympathetic to the Axis.
Given Franco's opposition to competing political parties, the party was renamed the National Movement Movimiento Nacional in This changed in , during the Cold War period, when it became strategically important for the US to establish a military presence on the Iberian Peninsula as a counter to any possible move by the Soviet Union into the Mediterranean basin.
In the s, Spain registered an unprecedented rate of economic growth which was propelled by industrialisation , a mass internal migration from rural areas to Madrid , Barcelona and the Basque Country and the creation of a mass tourism industry. Franco's rule was also characterised by authoritarianism , promotion of a unitary national identity , the favouring of a very conservative form of Roman Catholicism known as National Catholicism , and discriminatory language policies.
In , a group of politicians involved in the opposition to Franco's regime inside the country and in exile met in the congress of the European Movement in Munich, where they made a resolution in favour of democracy. With Franco's death in November , Juan Carlos succeeded to the position of King of Spain and head of state in accordance with the franquist law.
With the approval of the new Spanish Constitution of and the restoration of democracy , the State devolved much authority to the regions and created an internal organisation based on autonomous communities. The Spanish Amnesty Law let people of Franco's regime continue inside institutions without consequences, even perpetrators of some crimes during transition to democracy like the Massacre of 3 March in Vitoria or Massacre of Atocha.
The 'founding chairman' of the current leading political party in Spain, the People's Party , was Manuel Fraga who had been a minister in Franco's government and yet continued with his political career until shortly before his death in In the Basque Country, moderate Basque nationalism coexisted with a radical nationalist movement led by the armed organisation ETA until the latter's dissolution in May On 23 February , rebel elements among the security forces seized the Cortes in an attempt to impose a military-backed government.
King Juan Carlos took personal command of the military and successfully ordered the coup plotters, via national television, to surrender. During the s the democratic restoration made possible a growing open society. On 1 January , Spain fully adopted the euro , and Spain experienced strong economic growth, well above the EU average during the early s.
However, well-publicised concerns issued by many economic commentators at the height of the boom warned that extraordinary property prices and a high foreign trade deficit were likely to lead to a painful economic collapse. In the Prestige oil spill occurred with big ecological consequences along Spain's Atlantic coastline. Bush in the Iraq War , and a strong movement against war rose in Spanish society. On 11 March a local Islamist terrorist group inspired by Al-Qaeda carried out the largest terrorist attack in Spanish history when they killed people and wounded more than 1, others by bombing commuter trains in Madrid.
Because of the proximity of the election , the issue of responsibility quickly became a political controversy, with the main competing parties PP and PSOE exchanging accusations over the handling of the incident. The proportion of Spain's foreign born population increased rapidly during its economic boom in the early s, but then declined due to the financial crisis.
Decentralisation was supported with much resistance of Constitutional Court and conservative opposition, so did gender politics like quotas or the law against gender violence.
Government talks with ETA happened, and the group announced its permanent cease of violence in The bursting of the Spanish property bubble in led to the —16 Spanish financial crisis and high levels of unemployment, cuts in government spending and corruption in Royal family and People's Party served as a backdrop to the —12 Spanish protests. Catalan independentism was also on rise. In , Mariano Rajoy 's conservative People's Party won the election with A Catalan independence referendum was held on 1 October and then, on 27 October, the Catalan parliament voted to unilaterally declare independence from Spain to form a Catalan Republic   on the day the Spanish Senate was discussing approving direct rule over Catalonia as called for by the Spanish Prime Minister.
On 1 June the Congress of Deputies passed a motion of no-confidence against Rajoy and replaced him with the PSOE leader Pedro Sanchez , thus bringing socialists back to power after 7 years. Mount Teide Tenerife is the highest mountain peak in Spain and is the third largest volcano in the world from its base. Spain is a transcontinental country , having territory in both Europe and Africa.
On the northeast, along the Pyrenees mountain range, it is bordered by France and the Principality of Andorra. Mainland Spain is a mountainous country, dominated by high plateaus and mountain chains.